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The Most Important Parts of Piano

23 Jan 2023

A piano is like many other instruments in that it’s made to produce lovely sounds that are agreeable to the ears, whether performing by itself or joining other songs in a concert. When you first sit down to play the piano, its many keys, countless strings, hammers, and other parts may appear intimidating. However, it’s also a great instrument, so if you have one and want to clean it, it helps to understand what each component performs, how to spot problems, and how to correct them. 

The various elements of a piano, their structure, placements, and purposes will all be covered in this post. Let’s begin.


Main parts of piano – Case & Lid

The Most important pi Casing and Lid is the first component of the piano that we’ll discuss. This component is crucial because it serves as the outer shell for many other components. First, they are frequently built by gluing together thin layers of wood, which are then covered with a veneer. Next, they are repeatedly sanded until they are smooth and then typically coated with layers of polyurethane, the shiny black coating found on most pianos, to provide a shiny appearance.

Acoustic pianos, whether they are cabinet or grand pianos, have a classy attractiveness. In addition to looking attractive, the casing and lid have a purpose. Together, they make up the piano’s frame, which contains the mechanism that produces sound.

Parts of piano -Wheels and Legs

Legs raise the piano to a comfortable height so musicians can easily play it. The legs are made of solid wood (often birch or maple) and support the piano’s body, which can weigh more than a thousand pounds. Pianos have wheels at the base, making them simple to move over small distances.


Each of us is accustomed to this area of the piano. The white and black keys are collectively referred to as the keyboard. The 36 black keys are known as sharps and flats, while the 52 white keys are referred to as naturals.

A keyframe on a key bed is home to these 88 keys. The key slip that spans the instrument’s front conceals this system. Modern piano keys are typically constructed of plastic. But ivory was employed in earlier instruments. Due to increased regulation of elephant poaching and shifting moral standards, this has become less frequent.

The interior parts of the piano casing are connected to these keys, which are placed at various angles. The “hammer” is moved when a key is pressed, striking a “string,” which produces a different tone.

Piano Action

The piano action is made up of a number of levers that link the hammers that strike the piano strings with the piano keys. Depending on the speed at which they strike the piano keys, a musician can create a wide range of dynamics using piano action. The piano has a wider dynamic range compared to earlier keyboard instruments like the harpsichord. When composing for the piano, composers like Beethoven, Chopin, Schumann, and Liszt made the most of these dynamics.


One of the most crucial tone-producing components of any piano is the strings. A clean and pleasing tone can only be produced using high-quality music wire. Piano strings of steel must sustain high tension, repetitive stretching, and unrelenting hammer blows. For reliable and pure tonal quality, precise manufacturing is necessary. The piano’s strings almost completely cover its length. From tuning pins on the pin block to hitch pins at the rear of the piano, they are constructed of tightly wrapped steel wire. Depending on how the piano action strikes the vibrating strings, they resonate in various ways. By changing the string tension, pianos can be tuned.


The majority of pianos have three pedals. However, some only have two. Una corda, or the soft pedal, is the name of the left foot’s pedal. It slightly moves the entire keyboard action to the right, softening the sound produced when strings are struck. The sostenuto pedal is referred to as the middle pedal. It does this by repositioning the dampers so that the corresponding strings can vibrate. This produces sustain for notes played when the pedal is engaged. The last pedal can also be called the sustain, damper, or sustaining pedal. When pressed, it releases the dampers from every string, producing an overtone-rich sustain sound.

We hope this article will help in understanding the piano parts. If you face any issues with your grand piano, digital piano, upright piano, or any kind of piano feel free to contact us or visit our piano store. We are always available to assist you. The Piano Gallery store we are one of the best piano shops in Dubai.

Explore our piano store in Dubai to buy piano in Dubai. Acquire a digital piano in Dubai, invest in a grand piano in Dubai, or buy upright piano in Dubai. Find used pianos in Dubai

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